Wednesday, August 12, 2009


Jatavarman Kulasekara-I :- 1190 AD to 1210 AD:
He was son of Vikraman. His Meikeerthi is a very good source. He fought and
compromised with the Chola king Kulothunga-III. His reign may be
regarded as an important land mark in the history of the second Pandyas.
He ruled Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Thirunelveli and Kanyakumari
areas. He created the Rajagambira Chaturvedi mangalam, consisting
of 1030 Brahmadeyas. So he was known as “Rajagambeera”. He
appointed Maravarman SundaraPandya as his crown prince.

Maravarman SundaraPandya - I :-1216 AD to 1231 AD:
He was the brother of Jadavarman kulasekara. He had titles like Kaliyugarama,
AdisayaPandyadeva. The King SundaraPandya was an ambitious
competant, and capable ruler. He fought wars against the cholas and
the Kongu kings. Maravarman sundaraPandya captured some portions
of Trichy and modern Pudukottai districts. A good part of the Vishnu
temple at Tiruttangal was built. After him Jadavarman Kulasekara– II
ruled for sometime.

Maravarman Sundara Pandya - II :- 1238 AD to 1253 AD:
He made many grants to temples. He defeated the chola king

Jatavarman Sundara Pandya - I :- 1251AD to 1268AD:
He succeeded Maravarman Sundara Pandya – II. He had title as Tribhuvana
Chakravarthy for conquering Elam, Kongu and the chola kingdom.
During his time the Pandya kingdom became the Pandya empire. The
cholas completely disappeared from the Tamil scene. The hoysalas
retreated to the Mysore highlands. Ceylon was conquered. The
Kongudesam became a province of the Pandya kingdom. The chera
ruler was defeated. Due to these victories Jatavarman Sundara Pandya-
I was known as “Emmandalamum Kondarulliya pandiya”.

Religious Endowments: Jatavarman Sundara Pandya-I provided the
roof of Nataraja Shrine in Chidambaram with gold tiles. He built a hall
and the west tower of Chidambaram temple. He rendered the same
golden service to the Ranganatha swami shrine in Srirangam. So he
was titled as “Ponveintha Perumal”. He also endowed liberally to some
Jain pallis. He patronised Saivism, Vaishnavism and Hinduism. He
coronated his son Maravarman Kulasekaran-I as the crown prince.

Maravarman Kulasekaran–I: 1268AD–1308 AD:
During his reign foreign writer Morcopolo visited Tamil country and wrote about
it. The social condition of the Tamil country was known from the writings
of Muslim historian Wassaf. Maravarman captured kollam from Chera
nadu. Due to this he was called as “Kollamkonda Pandya”. He invaded Ceylon and brought huge wealth from Subhagiri fortress and the tooth
relic of the Buddha to Madurai. His Kingdom expanded till cholanadu
and upto Thondaimandalam. He appointed Jatavaraman Sundara Pandya
as Viceroy of the Kongu country and Maravarman Vikrama Pandya as
Viceroy of Chengleput and South Arcot Districts. He built the outer
wall of Nellaiyapper temple in Tirunelveli.
War of success among the Pandya heir apparents made the
muslim rulers to invade Pandya kingdom. Malik Kafur invaded and
carried away as much loote as possible. The whole Pandya country
became part of Muslim empire. The second Pandya rule which lasted
for 120 years marked a significant land mark in the history of Tamil
country. During the period of second Pandya rule the glory of the Pandyas
expanded to North only to north India but also to Srilanka.

No comments: